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On September 13, the Central Bank of Myanmar sold $ 15 million in a foreign exchange auction, with an average exchange rate of 1,750 kyat

On September 13, 2021, the Central Bank of Myanmar sold $ 15 million in a foreign exchange auction, with an average exchange rate of 1,750 kyats. On August 25, the Central Bank of Myanmar sold another $ 5 million at a foreign exchange auction, up from $ 28 million seven times in August, according to figures released by the Central Bank of Myanmar. On August 2, 2021, the Central Bank of Myanmar announced a $ 3 million auction. $ 3 million on August 3; $ 4 million on August 4; $ 9.5 million on August 9; $ 12.5 million on August 12; $ 23 million on August 23; It sold for $ 5 million on August 25.

The central bank sold $ 3 million on July 7 at a foreign exchange auction. $ 3 million on the 6th; $ 3 million on the 5th; $ 6 million on the 8th; $ 14 million on July 14; $ 3 million on the 15th; $ 3 million on the 16th; $ 26 million on July 26; $ 27 million on July 27; $ 28 million on July 28; $ 3 million on the 29th; On July 30, it sold for $ 39 million, split 12 times in July and sold for $ 39 million. The Central Bank is conducting a regulatory foreign exchange bid based on its objectives of foreign exchange operations, which are to reduce short-term fluctuations in exchange rates and to supplement the country’s foreign exchange reserves.

Rules for Central Bank Bidding Instructions have been set out and these rules and regulations are in place. Authorized Dealers (AD) Banks, which are foreign exchange bidders participating in the foreign currency auction, in accordance with the instructions. Buying foreign currency with 19 local private banks and 13 foreign bank branches; And sales. The Central Bank of Myanmar’s foreign exchange operations include short-term exchange rate fluctuations; Comparing the exchange rate of Myanmar kyat to US dollar per working day to the previous day exchange rate to reduce the depreciation; By comparison, the percentage devaluation of the Myanmar kyat exceeds the stipulated level (opening a competitive auction for the sale of US dollars, the percentage of appreciation of the Myanmar kyat exceeds the stipulated by the regulation).

Comparing the average Myanmar kyat to the US dollar exchange rate; According to this comparison, the percentage of appreciation of the Myanmar kyat is higher than that set in accordance with the rules and regulations. To buy the foreign currency offered by AD banks between the highest exchange rate and the lowest exchange rate announced by the central bank in the auction. Submissions for sale are purchased and sold by the central bank using the Refinitiv (formerly Thomson Reuters) auction system. The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) is holding a foreign exchange auction to reduce the volatility of foreign exchange rates in the short term. Opening an auction to buy foreign currency (dollars) if the percentage of appreciation of the Myanmar kyat exceeds the stipulated rules. 

To buy the foreign currency offered by AD banks between the highest exchange rate and the lowest exchange rate announced by the central bank in the auction. Submissions for sale are purchased and sold by the central bank using the Refinitiv (formerly Thomson Reuters) auction system. The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) is holding a foreign exchange auction to reduce the volatility of foreign exchange rates in the short term. Opening an auction to buy foreign currency (dollars) if the percentage of appreciation of the Myanmar kyat exceeds the stipulated rules. To buy the foreign currency offered by AD banks between the highest exchange rate and the lowest exchange rate announced by the central bank in the auction. Submissions for sale are purchased and sold by the central bank using the Refinitiv (formerly Thomson Reuters) auction system. 

The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) is holding a foreign exchange auction to reduce the volatility of foreign exchange rates in the short term. To buy the foreign currency offered by AD banks between the highest exchange rate and the lowest exchange rate announced by the central bank in the auction. Submissions for sale are purchased and sold by the central bank using the Refinitiv (formerly Thomson Reuters) auction system. The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) is holding a foreign exchange auction to reduce the volatility of foreign exchange rates in the short term. To buy the foreign currency offered by AD banks between the highest exchange rate and the lowest exchange rate announced by the central bank in the auction. Submissions for sale are purchased and sold by the central bank using the Refinitiv (formerly Thomson Reuters) auction system. The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) is holding a foreign exchange auction to reduce the volatility of foreign exchange rates in the short term.

Source: Daily Eleven

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Domestic gold price falls by K45,000 per tical in two days

The price of precious yellow metal falls back on 13 September, with a drop of K45,000 in two days, domestic gold market’s data showed. The price of pure gold metal hit fresh new peaks in the recent days and it reached the highest of K1,900,000 per tical (0.578 ounce, or 0.016 kilogram) on 11 September tracking the dollar gains on Kyat in the forex
market, whereas it dropped to K1,855,000 per tical on 13 September, according to Yangon Region Gold Entrepreneurs Association (YGEA). On 11 September, the association made six decisions, including control of the market rally, permits for the members to secure transportation to and from gold refineries and for holding a large amount of cash.

The spikes in the gold market were attributed to the political developments, high demand in the domestic gold market, shortage of raw gold metals, the price gain in the international market and the Kyat depreciation. The global gold price stood at only US$1,789 per ounce on 13 September, while a US dollar exchange rate was set at K1,734. As a result of this, YGEA urged its members to regulate trade in order to deal with market volatility. To regulate unsustainable rally in the domestic gold market, the association called for the members to make the gold transaction with only immediate payment, avoid the verbal transactions over calls and halt trading outside the Yangon region, according to YGEA.

In January 2021, the gold price was ranged between the minimum of K1,316,000 per tical (28 January) and the maximum of K1,336,000 per tical (6 January). It reached an all-time high of K1,410,000 per tical on 3 February and hit the minimum of K1,340,000 per tical on 2 February. In March, the rate fluctuated between the highest of K1,391,000 (25 March) and the lowest of K1,302,000 (4 March). The price was registered the highest of K1,455,000 (30 April) and the lowest of K1,389,000 (1 April). The price reached an all-time highest of K1,709,000 (12 May) and the lowest of K1,447,000 in May. The price moved in the maximum of K1,575,500 (11 June) and the minimum of K1,543,000 (19 June).

Last month, it fluctuated between K1,562,300 (26 Jul) and K1,587,000 (K1,587,000), the gold traders said. According to gold traders, the local gold reached the lowest level of K1,310,500 (2 September) and the highest level of K1,314,000 (1 September). In October, the rate ranged between K1,307,800 (30 October) and K1,316,500 (21 October). The rate fluctuated between the highest of K1,317,000 (9 November) and the lowest of K1,270,000 (30 November). In December, the pure yellow metal priced moved in the range of 1,280,000 (1 December) and 1,332,000 (28 December). With global gold prices on the uptick, the domestic price hit fresh highs in 2019, reaching K1,000,000 per tical between 17 January and 21 February, crossing K1,100,000 (22 June to 5 August), climbing to over 1,200,000 (7 August-4 September), and then reaching a record high of K1,300,000 on 5 September 2019.

Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

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Imports plummet to $13.4 bln this FY: MoC reports

The value of Myanmar’s imports nearly the past eleven months of the current financial year 2020-2021 sank to US$13.4 billion from $17.55 billion recorded in the same corresponding period of last FY, the Ministry of Commerce’s data indicated. All the import groups including the consumer, capital, intermediate goods, and CMP businesses plunged in the current FY. The drop in foreign direct investment this year negatively affected the trade. Between 1 October and 27 August this FY, capital goods, such as auto parts, vehicles, machines, steel, and aeroplane parts were brought into the country. Their import value was estimated at $4.33 billion. The figure was over $2.3 billion lower than those values registered in the same period of the previous FY.

Meanwhile, Myanmar imported consumer products worth over $3 billion, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and palm oil. The imports of consumer products showed a slight decrease of $82.7 million compared with the same period in the previous FY. Intermediate goods make up the second-largest share of Myanmar’s imports, with petroleum products and plastic raw materials being the main import items. This year, imports of raw materials plunged to $4.65 billion from $5.79 billion registered during the year-ago period. During the same period, raw materials worth over $1.4 billion were also imported for the Cut-Make-Pack (CMP) garment sector, showing a decrease of $584 million compared with the last budget year.

At present, the CMP garment sector which contributes to 30 per cent of Myanmar’s export sector is struggling because of the cancellation of orders from the European countries and suspension of trading by western countries amid the COVID-19. Therefore, import values of raw materials by CMP businesses have been dropping. At present, the traders have transaction problems triggered by the restriction of the private banks. Furthermore, the pandemic triggered the cargo shipping crisis, a market observer shared his opinion. The top 10 import countries to Myanmar are China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Viet Nam, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the US, as per data of the Ministry of Commerce.

Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar