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Although the hydropower generation was the largest in annual power production, in 2019-2020 fiscal year, natural gas became the largest at 11,618.21 million kilowatt hours, followed by hydropower at 9,366.35 million kilowatt hours

According to the Central Statistics Office, 9,366.35 million kilowatt-hours were generated from hydropower in the 2019-2020 fiscal year, compared to hydropower generation, which accounted for the largest annual increase in Myanmar’s electricity generation.  In the 2019-2020 fiscal year, 9,366.35 million kilowatt-hours will be generated from hydropower. 11618.21 million kilowatt hours from natural gas; In the 2018-2019 financial year, 11227.82 million kilowatt hours from hydropower; 9366.56 million kilowatt hours from natural gas; In the 2017-2018 financial year, 11,265.03 million kilowatt hours from hydropower; 7,459.22 million kilowatt-hours from natural gas; In the 2016-2017 fiscal year, 10441.61 million kilowatt hours from hydropower; Natural gas produces 17577.56 million kilowatt hours.

In the 2019-2020 fiscal year, 3,225 megawatts of hydropower will be generated from energy sources. 2773 MW from natural gas; 40 megawatts of solar power; According to the Ministry of Power and Energy, LNG has generated 900 megawatts and coal from 120 megawatts for a total of 7,058 megawatts. Hydropower accounts for 46% of total electricity generation; 39% from natural gas; 13% from LNG; One percent is made from solar and two percent from coal. 3181 MW from the 2015-2016 fiscal year; 1752 MW from natural gas; Coal generates 120 megawatts for a total of 5,053 megawatts. 63% from hydropower; 35% from natural gas and 2% from coal.

In the 2018-2019 fiscal year, 11227.82 million kilowatt-hours will be generated from hydropower generation. 9366.56 million kilowatt hours from natural gas; 2,169.70 million kilowatt hours from steam; Diesel generates 104.73 million kilowatt hours. In the 2017-2018 financial year, 12,265.03 million kilowatt hours from hydropower; 7,459.22 million kilowatt-hours from natural gas; 1,080.60 million kilowatt hours from steam; Diesel generates 77.55 million kilowatt hours. In the 2016-2017 financial year, 12,265.03 million kilowatt hours from hydropower; 7,459.22 million kilowatt-hours from natural gas; 1,080.60 million kilowatt hours from steam; Diesel generates 1.55 million kilowatt hours.

The annual capacity generation of the Ministry of Electricity and Energy was 15965 million units in the 2015-2016 fiscal year. 17867 million units in the 2016-2017 financial year; In the fiscal year 2017-2018, million units 200555; Production increased to 228,799 million units in the 2018-2018 fiscal year and 27,300 million units in the 2019-2020 fiscal year. If we look at the per capita electricity consumption increase year by year, the fiscal year 2015-2016 was 263 kWh; 301 kWh in the 2016-2017 financial year; 335 kilowatt hours in the 2017-2018 fiscal year; In the 2018-2019 fiscal year, it was 379 kilowatt hours and in the 2019-2020 fiscal year, it increased to 432 kilowatt hours, and in five years it increased to 169 kilowatt hours, according to the Ministry of Power and Energy.

Source: Daily Eleven

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Infection turns live cattle trade to black market

Chairperson U Soe Naing of the Mandalay Region Cattle Exporters Association said that Chinese traders are constantly purchasing about 1,000 cattle on the black market across Myanmar and China. At present, the black market has been more robust. The legitimate market has halted since late 2020. The illegal market is happening. At present, the border trade was illegally carried out like the trade four years ago.

Following about 10,000 cattle stranded in Muse last year, traders embarked on illegal sales. For legitimate trade, China permits live cattle import only after ensuring the cattle is free from 20 diseases, including Foot and Mouth Disease, along with vaccination certificates, health certificates, and farming registration certificates. Those import criteria do not matter on the black market. Myanmar’s live cattle export is heavily relying on Chinese market due to a good price. However, Myanmar has other external markets such as Laos, Thailand, Malaysia and Bangladesh.

The Ministry of Commerce grants a permit to each company for 100 cattle export, and the permit is valid for three months. The companies can be taken legal actions if they do not sell the cattle during the three months. Live cattle export was allowed in late 2017 to eradicate illegal exports, creating more opportunities for breeders and promoting their interests. Myanmar shipped US$360 million worth of animal products, including cattle, to the external markets in the financial year 2018-2019. The value of animal product exports dropped by $100 million in the 2019-2020FY as against a year ago, following the negative impacts of the COVID-19.

Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

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CMP garment exports top $1.4 bln in five months

Myanmar’s garment export exceeded US$1.4 billion in the first five months (Oct-Feb) of the current financial year 2020-2021, according to the data released by the Ministry of Commerce. The factories are facing cancellation of order and slump in output, new orders. However, the Swedish fashion retailer H&M is gradually placing orders from Myanmar again after it paused in March. Then, more international fashion retailers such as Primark and Bestseller starts to resume new orders. The garment sector is among the prioritized sectors driving up exports. The CMP garment industry emerged as a promising one, with preferential trade from Western countries.

Nevertheless, they cannot still expect normalcy for now due to the possible disruption in the logistics and supply sector and other serious consequences amid the political instabilities and the COVID-19 impacts, traders stressed. Myanmar’s manufacturing sector recorded an accelerated downturn in the previous months as political changes led to factory closures. The layoff is extended, and some workers were forced to return to their hometowns. Turning to prices, higher material costs and unfavourable exchange rate movements contributed to a sharp increase in cost burdens, the HIS Markit stated. Myanmar’s manufacturing sector is concentrated mainly in garment and textiles produced on the Cutting, Making, and Packaging basis. It contributes to the country’s GDP to a certain extent.

At present, Myanmar’s garment export drastically dropped on the slump in demand by the European Union market. Consequently, some CMP garment factories permanently and temporarily shut down and left thousands of workers unemployed. Myanmar mainly exports CMP garments to markets in Japan and Europe along with the Republic of Korea, China, and the US. The export value of CMP garments was only $850 million in the 2015-2016FY, but it has tripled over the past two FYs. In the 2016-2017FY, about $2 billion was earned from exports of CMP garments. The figure increased to an estimated $2.5 billion in the 2017-2018FY and $2.2 billion in the 2018 mini-budget period (from April to September). According to the Commerce Ministry, it tremendously grew to $4.6 billion in the 2018-2019FY and $4.8 billion in the 2019-2020FY. 

Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar